Wednesday, 23 June 2021

Laparoscopy

 

Laparoscopy is one of the surgical procedures in which a physician can insert a special telescope (a narrow rod at the bottom of the camera) through a small incision under the umbilical cord into the abdomen and view the pelvic members. In the treatment of infertility, laparoscopy can lead to various causes, such as endometriosis (small pieces of endometrial tissue or the inner layer of the uterus outside the uterus, such as the ovaries, uterine tubes and abdomen, which can cause pain, adhesion and infertility) uterine fibroids (Abnormal masses of soft muscle tissue that grow in the wall of the uterus), structural disorders, ovarian cysts, adhesions, and extravascular pregnancy that causes infertility. If there is a problem, it will be possible for the physician to correct the procedure, so laparoscopy may be used with two diagnostic and therapeutic objectives.

 

Some of the disorders that can be corrected during laparoscopy include removing adhesions around the ovaries and tubes, opening closed tubes, removing ovarian cysts, and treating pregnancy out of the uterus. Extra endometriosis, ovaries, and peritoneum (a thin, clear curtain that covers the abdomen and pelvis) and in some cases uterine fibroids can also be removed during laparoscopy.

 

 

 
When does laparoscopy work?

 

In most cases, diagnostic laparoscopy is performed to complete the examination of the causes of female infertility. In general, they do this after other infertility studies. But if there is a pain or other problems, such as a history of an operation, laparoscopy should be performed even before performing other infertility measures.

 

 

 
How is laparoscopy done?

 

Laparoscopic surgery is a small surgery performed under general anesthesia, so it should be done in a hospital or surgical center. During anesthesia, the physician uses a special needle to add some carbon dioxide gas or oxygen nitrate or air into the abdomen. This gas provides a sufficient space below the abdominal wall and also increases the intestines and makes it easier to view the pelvic genital organs, and after the injection of gas, the needle is removed. A special device called a laparoscope (narrow-line miniature camera) is inserted into the abdomen through a small subcutaneous cavity, and by inserting another thin cavity under the abdomen, the doctor inserts another narrow device into the abdominal organs Lift up and examine the back and the surrounding area. The length of these cuts is between 0.5 and 1.5 centimeters. At the same time, a contrast agent is injected through the cervix into the uterus and tubes to detect openness or obstruction of the uterine tubes.

 

If a doctor finds a problem during laparoscopy, using a special surgical device that enters the pelvic cavity through another small incision below the abdomen can correct it at the same time. What are the benefits of laparoscopic surgery? One of the main benefits of laparoscopy in addition to accurate diagnosis of the disease is that at the same time, laparoscopic therapy can be corrected and corrected at the same time. In most cases, laparoscopy gives women confidence that she is healthy and has a good chance of getting pregnant. In contrast to open surgery, this method has many benefits.